On Tuesday June 10, in the early morning hours, the militant extremist group, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) entered the second largest city in Iraq. In the city of Mosul, there were two Iraqi army divisions that abruptly abandoned their posts and fled the city after being confronted by the ISIS. The overpowered Iraqi army backed down and did not fire a single shot at their attackers to defend the city. The ISIS quickly took control of Mosul and captured or seized the cash and gold at the Mosul Central Bank. Inside the vaults were approximately, 500 billion Iraq dinars ($429m) and an undetermined amount of gold. It is thought that ISIS had transferred the cash directly to Syria.
The army divisions that collapsed were said to be made up of Sunni, Shiite and Kurdish troops. Prime Minister Maliki positioned stronger troops and the more loyal army units near Baghdad. After the ISIS captured Mosul the ISIS traveled in a 60 vehicle convoy and attacked the cities of Tikrit, Samarra and Iraq’s largest oil refinery in Baiji. As of Wednesday, 11 June, ISIS continues to be in control of the cities it has attacked.
This past January, the ISIS took over the city of Fallujah and from this point on the Iraqi government has been unable to remove the ISIS from the city. The Iraqi government is in dire need of assistance from outside countries such as Iran or the United States. In February, the U.S. gave assistance to the Iraq government with the delivery of Hellfire missiles to launch airstrikes on Fallujah. The Iraqi Air Force have apparently not been successful and have caused a significant amount of damage to personal property as well as killing and wounding innocent civilians.